Department of Water Resources Home

Water Quality Evaluation Section

North Central Region Office

Water Quality Evaluation Section

 

3500 Industrial Blvd.
West Sacramento, CA 95691
(916) 376-9600

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 942836
Sacramento, CA 94236-0001

 

 

Untitled Document

 Water Quality Evaluation Section

Truckee River Monitoring Program Metadata

 

I. Contact Information

Program Manager: Shaun Philippart

Lead contact: David Bosworth
Environmental Scientist
Department of Water Resources
North Central Region Office
3500 Industrial Blvd., West Sacramento 95691
Email:  dboswort@water.ca.gov
Office: (916) 376-9646

Lead contact: Jenna Van Parys
Environmental Scientist
Department of Water Resources - North Central Region Office
3500 Industrial Blvd., West Sacramento 95691
Email:  jvanpary@water.ca.gov
Office: (916) 376-9644

Laboratory:
DWR Bryte Chemical Laboratory
1450 Riverbank Road,
West Sacramento, CA 95605
(916) 375-6008
Sid Fong: Supervisor of Bryte Chemical Laboratory
Email: sfong@water.ca.gov

II. Study Area and Sample Site Objectives

A. General Information

The WQE Section is currently monitoring the water quality of the Truckee River at six stations located from the Tahoe City Dam to Farad, near the California-Nevada state line. These stations are part of the Biological Resources Monitoring Program which was a program initiated as a response to public comments to the Truckee River Operating Agreement (TROA) EIS/EIR document. Data from these stations will be used to: 1) develop a baseline condition of the river; 2) monitor changes in water quality conditions as the TROA is implemented; and 3) help the TROA administrator operate the Truckee River system to maintain or improve water quality conditions. The six stations monitor water temperature, specific conductance, turbidity, pH, and dissolved oxygen. Total suspended solids samples will also be collected during site visits.

B. Name and Location Information for Continuous Water Quality Sampling Sites

-Truckee River Stations Map

C.  Station Period of Record, Instrumentation, and Parameter Collection History

-Truckee River Stations Table

D.  CDEC and Water Data Library Station Codes

-CDEC and WDL Station Codes Table

III. Sampling Frequency

A. Sonde Instrument Sampling

There are a total of 6 Delta Truckee River water quality monitoring stations that collect time-series data at 15 minute intervals using a YSI 6600EDS V2 internal data logging sondes. All stations record a single measurement of water temperature (Cº), specific conductance (µS/cm), dissolved oxygen (mg/L), pH, and turbidity (NTU), within each 15 minute interval.

B. Field Instrument Sampling

Upon each site visitation (can vary from weekly to every 3 weeks) , calibrated handheld field instruments are used to sample current water conditions and compare water quality  measurements to all the YSI 6600EDS V2 continuous monitoring stations. Temperature (Cº) and specific conductance (µS/cm) measurements are field verified with an YSI 63 Handheld pH and Conductivity Instrument.  Dissolved oxygen measurements are field verified with a YSI Professional Optical Dissolved Oxygen Meter.  The turbidity measurements are field verified with a Hach 2100P Portable Turbidimeter.

C. Discrete Sampling           

Staff collects a total suspended solids sample in separate plastic quart bottles at 1 meter depth with a Van Dorn sampling device at each site.  The total suspended solids sample and other field measurements are sampled at a 1 meter depth since the YSI 6600 sondes are also sampling at this depth.  During each field run, DWR staff also collects a duplicate total suspended solids sample at one of the stations to test for field and lab precision and repeatability. 

IV. Field Methods

A. Field measurements

During each site visit field readings are taken using portable and handheld instruments.  These handheld instruments are calibrated to comply with manufacturers or laboratory specifications.  Field readings are taken and recorded for comparison with YSI sonde data.  Field measurements are taken at each site at a 1meter depth to duplicate depth of deployed YSI sondes. 

YSI 63 Handheld pH and Conductivity Instrument

The YSI 63 Handheld Instrument measures temperature, conductivity, pH, and salinity.  The instrument is calibrated once a month for conductivity and pH is calibrated before each field run.

YSI Professional Optical Dissolved Oxygen Meter

The YSI Professional Optical Dissolved Oxygen meter measures percent saturation and mg/L of dissolved oxygen.  The instrument is checked and calibrated before each field run.

HACH 2100P Portable Turbidimeter

The HACH 2100P turbidimeter measures turbidity optically using the nephelometric principle.  The portable instrument is calibrated every three months using manufactures StablCal standards to assure accuracy.

B. Sample Collection

Staff collects discrete total suspended solids at 1 meter depth with a Van Dorn at each monitoring station.  One sample field run is duplicated, on a rotating basis, for quality assurance/quality control testing at the lab

C. Sample containers and holding times

The DWR Bryte laboratory supplies all necessary sampling materials to the NCRO Water Quality Evaluation field staff. Requirements for sample containers, preservation techniques, and holding times are found in one of the following references (or later editions): Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, American Public Health Association, et al., 21st Edition; Handbook for Sampling and Sample Preservation of Water and Wastewater, 2005, and 1979 US EPA Manual entitled “Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes,” EPA-600/4-79-020.

V. Laboratory Methods

All water quality analyses are conducted by staff at the DWR Bryte Laboratory. Located in West Sacramento, the lab’s primary function is to analyze drinking water, surface water, groundwater, and wastewater. Bryte lab has maintained certification by the Environmental Protection Agency and the California Department of Health Services for water analysis since 1978. It also provides quality assurance, and related technical services.
Bryte Laboratory Method Chart for Discrete Sample Analyses
-Lab Method Chart

VI. Data Management

A. Sonde Data

Post-deployment Quality Assurance


After the YSI 6600 sondes are removed from the field, DWR staff perform the following two procedures to check whether the sondes are still operating properly and measuring accurately:
A post-deployment accuracy check on the day the sondes are removed and before the instruments are cleaned
A comparison between the data measured by the handheld field instruments and the data collected by the sonde at the closest 15 minute time interval

The accuracy of sonde probes while deployed in the field can be negatively affected by probe malfunction, drift away from initial calibration, and/or fouling caused by biological growth on the probe reading surface.  DWR staff perform the post-deployment accuracy check by the following procedure prior to cleaning the sonde probes:

  1. Placing the sonde probes in fresh calibration standards with known values
  2. Operating the sondes in the standards and recording the values the sondes are reading
  3. Rating the values collected during the accuracy check for each constituent as excellent, good, fair, or poor based on their deviation from the calibration standard according to the USGS technical report “Guidelines and Standard Procedures for Continuous Water Quality Monitors-Station Operation, Record Computation, and Data Reporting” (Wagner et al., 2006)
    The ratings obtained from the accuracy check indicate the quality, accuracy, and reliability of the data that the sonde collected while in the field. 

In addition to the post-deployment accuracy check, DWR staff compare the water temperature, specific conductance, pH, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity data measured in the field by the handheld instruments (the YSI-63, YSI Pro-ODO, and HACH 2100P) to the sonde data that is closest in time.  While taking the field measurements, DWR staff attempt to collect the field readings at the same depth that the sonde probes are measuring at (1 meter) and as close to the sonde pipe as possible.  Since the field instruments are calibrated regularly, a large difference between the sonde and field readings could indicate inaccuracy of the sonde data during the deployment period.  DWR staff consider these comparisons between the field and sonde readings and the ratings obtained from the post-deployment accuracy check while assessing data quality when entering the continuous data into the Hydstra database. 

Data Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC)


DWR staff import data files from sondes into the North Central Region Office (NCRO) Hydstra database where additional QA/QC procedures are performed.  In addition to documenting the results of quality assurance procedures discussed in the previous section, staff use the results of these procedures to flag any suspect or unreliable data.  Any obvious outliers in the continuous dataset due to fouling or other factors are flagged as unreliable.  No data that has been determined by DWR staff as suspect or unreliable were used in this chapter; only reliable data of known good quality were used.  The reliable and good quality data in Hydstra are used to populate the Water Data Library where the data for all the continuous sites are available online at http://wdl.water.ca.gov/.

B. Field Data

Field measurements are recorded on field data sheets upon each site visitation, and if the station has a discrete grab sample component, the data is then entered into the field module of DWR Bryte Laboratory’s “Flims” database.  Laboratory analyses are performed by DWR Bryte Laboratory on the discrete grab samples and the results are entered into the “FLIMS” database at the lab. For those stations without a discrete sample component, the field data sheets are used for sonde data comparison and archived accordingly.   On a regular basis the data from “Flims” database is loaded into DWR’s Water Data Library (WDL) database for public viewing and access.  Lab results are further archived and used for data report analyses.